ArizonaChild Support Laws
Arizona Child Support Guide :: Table of Contents
Child support is an ongoing payment by a non-custodial parent to assist with the financial support of their children. Child support payments are often determined during the process of dissolution of a marriage through divorce, though the only requirements for requesting child support payments are establishment of paternity and maternity.
Child support is handled on a state level, and Arizona has a set of specific child support guidelines. On this page you can learn about how child support is calculated in Arizona, how custody split and extraordinary costs affect child support payments, and more.
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Arizona uses the "income share" method for calculating child support payments, which is designed to ensure that both the custodial and non-custodial parents contribute to their child's upkeep.
Arizona's child support formula directly accounts for parents who share custody of a child, and support payment amounts are connected to the custody split. Other special situations accounted for under Arizona's child support law include childcare costs and extraordinary medical costs. These costs may be additions to the basic Arizona child support order.
How Do Child Support Payments Work?If a person required to pay support other than by personal check demonstrates full and timely payment for twenty-four consecutive months, that person may pay support by personal check if these payments are for the full amount, are timely tendered and are not rightfully dishonored by the payor bank or other drawee.
H. Subsection G of this section does not apply to payments made by means of an assignment.
I. If after reasonable efforts to locate the obligee the clerk or support payment clearinghouse is unable to deliver payments for the period prescribed in section 25-503 due to the failure of the person to whom the support has been ordered to be paid to notify the clerk or support payment clearinghouse of a change in address, the clerk or support payment clearinghouse shall not deliver further payments and shall return the payments to the obligor consistent with the requirements of section 25-503.J. An order for child support shall assign responsibility for providing medical insurance for the child who is the subject of the support order to one of the parents and shall assign responsibility for the payment of any medical costs of the child that are not covered by insurance according to the child support guidelines.
Child support can be arranged out of court by a mutual support agreement between the parents, or can be decided in Arizona family court through a child support order. In Arizona, a number of factors are taken into account when determining the amount of child support to be paid in court. Here is an explanation of the two most common methods used to calculate basic child support amounts.
Income Share Method
Under the income share model, the court uses economic tables to estimate the total monthly cost of raising the children. The non-custodial parent pays a percentage of the calculated cost that is based on their proportional share of both parents' combined income.
Example: The non-custodial parent of one child has an income of $2,000 per month, and the custodial parent has an income of $1,000 per month. The court estimates that the cost of raising one child is $1,000 a month. The non-custodial parent's income is 66.6% of the parent's total combined income. Therefore, the non-custodial parent pays $666 per month in child support, or 66.6% of the total child support obligation.
Percentage Of Income Method
This method of calculating child support is simple - a set percentage of the non-custodial parent's income is paid monthly to the custodial parent to cover basic child support expenses. The percentage paid may stay the same, or vary if the non-custodial parent's income changes.
Example: The non-custodial parent of one child has an income of $2,000 per month. The court orders a flat percentage of 25% of the non-custodial parent's income to be paid in child support to the custodial parent. Therefore, the non-custodial parent pays $500 per month in child support. If the non-custodial parent's monthly income changes, the dollar amount they pay in child support will change as well.
Arizona Child Support FAQ
- How does having shared custody of the child affect child support in Arizona?
- How are extraordinary medical costs treated by child support in Arizona?
- How are child care costs treated by child support in Arizona?
- Does child support cover college education expenses in Arizona?
- How is child support enforced in Arizona?
- What are child support arrears?
- How are child support payments taxed in Arizona?
How does having shared custody of the child affect child support in Arizona?
All states have a method of modifying the amount of child support owed in cases where the custody agreement provides for joint or shared custody of a child between both parents.
Arizona law accounts for shared custody of a child directly in the child support formula used to calculate payment amounts. This means that, in cases where custody is shared, the amount of child support paid by the paying parent will be reduced according to the amount of time they have custody of the child.
How are extraordinary medical costs treated by child support in Arizona?
Arizona has specialized guidelines for the sharing of a child's extraordinary medical care costs that are separate from, and in addition to, basic child support payments. Extraordinary medical costs are generally costs generated by things such as illness, hospital visits, or costly procedures such as getting braces.
Arizona treats extraordinary medical care costs as a "permissive deduction" for basic child support. This means that if the non-custodial parent pays child care costs, the judge may order the portion of the total monthly child care costs attributed to the custodial partner to be deducted from the noncustodial partner's monthly child support payment. If the custodial parent pays for child care, judge may order the non-custodial parent to pay a portion of the childcare costs in addition to basic child support.
How are child care costs treated by child support in Arizona?
Due to the high costs of child care for a single payment, Arizona has specialized guidelines that consider child care costs separately from the general costs of raising a child for the purposes of calculating child support payments.
Arizona treats child care costs as a "permissive deduction" for basic child support. This means that if the non-custodial parent pays child care costs, the judge may order the portion of the total monthly child care costs attributed to the custodial partner to be deducted from the noncustodial partner's monthly child support payment. If the custodial parent pays for child care, judge may order the non-custodial parent to pay a portion of the childcare costs in addition to basic child support.
Does child support cover college education expenses in Arizona?
While the state of Arizona has no explicit requirement for college expenses to be covered under child support, support for college expense by the non-custodial parent may be voluntarily agreed to by both parties, after which it is contractually enforceable.
How is child support enforced in Arizona?
In the state of Arizona, child support is enforced by the state child support agency. The state agency handles the location of non-custodial parents, enforcement of support orders, and the handling of unpaid child support arrears.
What are child support arrears?
Child support arrears are the amount of child support that is delinquent, or unpaid, by the noncustodial parent to the custodial parent. Child support arrears may be collected by the state through wage garnishment, bank levy. withholding of Arizona welfare benefits, or other collection methods.
How are child support payments taxed in Arizona?
Under IRS guidelines, the recepient of child support does not need to pay federal tax on child support payments, and the payer of child support cannot deduct their child support payments. This differs from the federal taxation of alimony payments, which are treated as taxable income by the receiver and are deductible by the payor. Arizona tax law may vary on tax treatment of child support.